Digitally presenting physiological signals as biofeedback to users raises awareness of both body and mind. In this project, we describe the effectiveness of conveying a physiological signal often overlooked for communication: breathing. We present the design and development of digital breathing patterns and their evaluation along three output modalities: visual, audio, and haptic. We also present Breeze, a wearable pendant placed around the neck that measures breathing and sends biofeedback in real-time.
We evaluated how the breathing patterns were interpreted in a fixed environment and gathered qualitative data on the wearable device’s design. We found that participants intentionally modified their own breathing to match the biofeedback, as a technique for understanding the underlying emotion. Our results describe how the features of the breathing patterns and the feedback modalities influenced participants’ perception. We include guidelines and suggested use cases, such as Breeze being used by loved ones to increase connectedness and empathy.
- Frey, Jérémy, Grabli, May, Slyper, Ronit and Cauchard, Jessica R. (2018). Breeze: Sharing Biofeedback Through Wearable Technologies. ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '18).